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Friday, 09 May 2014 20:04

Essays Analysis Featured

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Essays Analysis


Introduction: Moral Arguments by Daniel Bonevac

Bonevac book on moral arguments is about moral issues. It offers philosophical definition of moral issues and stating that philosophy is all about love for wisdom and making good judgments. Moral ethics or philosophy involves making good judgment about an action or character and a kind of person to be and what to do. The book considers moral issues like euthanasia, abortion, pornography, affirmative action, and capital punishment among others that form up the controversial issues in everyday life (Bonevac, 60).


The book mainly presents moral arguments under which these moral issues are considered based on a given conclusion or position arrived at through reasoning. Therefore, as people consider morally issues, the main aspect that they need to ask themselves is how they develop arguments to reach ethical conclusions.


Analysis

Bonevac argues that there is no single reason to expect that Rawl’s process will result in equilibrium, not even a unique one(Bonevac, 60). This is because of the way path dependence considerations do impact on the outcome of moral debarkation.


Main claim

He argues that moral judgments and arguments are not in equilibrium since a rationally optional way does suggest that for one to resolve a challenge conflicts will arise(Bonevac, 60). This suggests that there are possibly multiple ways of achieving coherence, and this will result to radically different aspects of judgments (Bonevac, 60). Unknown vocabulary includes moral generalization and relativity.Discussion questions are how much of moral disagreements would still exist if we have comprehensive knowledge for all the relevant non-moral aspects?

Moral realism are parallel to the realism of other domains. Why is morality different? Reference


First principles by Bonevac Daniel

In this essay, Bonevac presents the various concerns of moral judgments especially on the gradation of people or actions as being good or bad. He shows that moral considerations do have many dimensions. He also says that disagreements among people do occur due to moral judgments, and each one tries to justify his or her views. In doing so, they develop arguments, which are part of their moral principles(Bonevac, 69).


Moral conclusions do have both the moral and factual premises. The first premise is factual since it describes the way the world is while the second premises is a moral since it does not describe the way the world is. Instead, it provides a general type of action.


 Analysis

Bonevac argues that the decision procedure of reaching a Reflective equilibrium fails to attain the final state of equilibrium in instances where beliefs are justified.


Main claim

Bonevac argues that judgments at an equilibrium point are not immune to be revised and remain stable unless when additional experiences change them. Based on his model, it is possible to hold principles and judgments as those proposed by Rawls. However, they are unruly principles that allow fallibility and exceptions (Bonevac, 60). Therefore, one will always seek a normative justification at a point when he is faced by the plurality of two competing principles(Bonevac, 67).

Unknown terminologies are pragmatic intuition and prima facie obligations.


Questions

Why should we bother with reflective equilibrium?

What is the moral justification?


Reference


Bonevac, D 2004. Reflection without Equilibrium. Journal of Philosophy 101 (7):

59-65 and 67-73



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